" History is a gallery of pictures  in which                                               " History is Philosophy                                                    " The history of the world is but

 there are few originals and many copies "                                                teaching by examples "                                                    the biography of great men "

 Alexis de Tocqueville - French historian                                Thucydides - Greek historian 4th Century B.C.                          Thomas Carlyle - Scottish historian

Greek heroes, miniatures, 1821, 1912 , 1940,

 

Figures from Greek ... and World Ηistory . With historical accuracy and great details in costumes and weapons. 
Miniatures made of white metal to 54 mm (actually 60mm ).

Available in Kit, ready assembled , painted in Standard or High Quality . We ship them all over the world.

Φιγούρες με θέματα από την Ελληνική και παγκόσμια Ιστορία. Με ιστορική ακρίβεια και μοναδικές λεπτομέρειες στις ενδυμασίες
και τα όπλα. Μινιατούρες φτιαγμένες από λευκό μέταλλο στα 54 mm ( πραγματικά 60mm ).

Διαθέσιμες σε Κιτ,   Συναρμολογημένες,   Βαμένες  Standard ή High Quality .  Αποστέλλονται  σε όλο τον Κόσμο.

 

GREEK  HEROES     figures  thank you for browsing the site. All are high quality metal figure kits.

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Lambros KATSONIS (1752–1804)

Λαμπρος Κατσώνης , 1770, Lambros Katsonis,1821,
Λαμπρος Κατσώνης , 1770, Lambros Katsonis,1821,
Λαμπρος Κατσώνης , 1770, Lambros Katsonis,1821,
Λαμπρος Κατσώνης , 1770, Lambros Katsonis,1821,
Λαμπρος Κατσώνης , 1770, Lambros Katsonis,1821,
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Lambros Katsonis (1752–1804) was a Greek revolutionary hero of the 18th century; he was also a knight of the Russian Empire and an officer with the rank of colonel] in the Imperial Russian Army (or Navy), decorated with an Order of St. George, IV class medal.

Born in Levadia , Central Greece, he joined the Orlov Revolt in 1770, but not pleased by the result he built up a small fleet and began harassing the Ottomans in the Aegean Sea. In 1778 he assembled a Greek pirate fleet of seventy vessels, which harassed the Turkish squadrons in the Aegean and forced the Ottomans to abandon the island of Kastelorizo; the castle on the island was renamed to Lambros Katsonis Castle. In 1790 he was defeated at the Battle of Andros. Katsonis had his hideout in the bay of Porto Kagio. His crew grew very restless and they attacked and sunk two French naval ships. This caused the French to join with the Ottomans to try to stop Katsonis. They cornered him at Porto Kagio and Katsonis' navy was destroyed. Katsonis escaped to Odessa and Yalta where he was granted the Livadia estate —what was later to become the Livadia Palace estate— by Catherine the Great. He lived out the rest of his days there.  He was also the godfather of Odysseas Androutsos, a commander of the Greek War of Independence. The Livadia Palace, the summer home of the last Tsars was built on Katsonis' Livadia estate after 1861. The name of the estate was given to it by Katsonis, who named it after his birthplace; moreover, this is the origin of the name of Livadiya town itself.  It is there that the World War II Yalta Conference took place.

The Hellenic Navy has named four of its ships after Katsonis.

 

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Nikolaos  VOTSIS ( 1877 - 1931 ) , Lieutenant of Greek Navy, Balkan Wars 1912 - 1913

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Nikolaos Votsis (1877–1931) was a Greek naval officer who distinguished himself during the Balkan Wars and rose to the rank of Rear Admiral.

Votsis was born in the island of Hydra in 1877. He belonged to the prominent Votsis-Kountouriotis family: he was the nephew of admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis, while his maternal great-grandfather was Georgios Kountouriotis, participant of the Greek War of Independence. At the outbreak of the First Balkan War in October 1912, with the rank of Lieutenant, he was commanding torpedo boat No. 11, a vessel already old at the time (it belonged to a batch of six constructed in Stettin in 1884). Setting sail from his base at Litochoro, on the night of 31 October 1912, Votsis led his vessel into the harbour of Thessaloniki, at the time still held by the Ottomans. Inside the harbour, which was protected by minefields and coastal batteries, lay a handful of Ottoman vessels: aside from four tugboats, the only warship was the old ironclad Feth-i Bülend. The ship had been disarmed and converted into a barracks ship, with its weaponry having been used to reinforce the coastal batteries. Promoted to Lt. Commander, he was placed in command of the captured Ottoman torpedo boat Antalya, which was renamed to Nicopolis.In 1920, he was captain of the battleship Kilkis at anchor at Constantinople. On 27 January 1921 , he was appointed as Greece's High Commissioner to the Allied mission at Constantinople, a post he held until 22 February 1922 , when he was appointed captain of the battleship Lemnos, which he commanded until September 1922.


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EVZONE DEFENDING  - Asia Minor Campaign 1922

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ALEXANDER THE GREAT'S  ARMY

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Argyraspis  5064,3                                                                                 Argyraspis in battle 5064,4         by St George Cross

EVZONE  - 4th Battalion (1868 - 1888)

Evzone - 4th battalion, 1868,ευζωνας,
Evzone - 4th battalion, 1868,ευζωνας,ς
Evzone - 4th battalion, 1868,ευζωνας,
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Four Evzone battalions were formed by the R.D. Royal  Decree of 12 December 1868. The collar was red for the 1st Evzone Battalion, green for the 2nd Battalion, orange for the 3rd Battalion and light blue for the 4th Battalion  New Evzone uniform was based on the Greek national costume; this was the first time that Greek soldiers appeared in their world-renowed uniform as Evzones. At the top , near the shoulder, was the battalion number sewn in red woollen thread (as it is shown in picture No 3.  ( The figure is based on a painting of Yiannis  Mylonas)

Some figures  (54mm)  from PUBLIUS company  on a rare subject.

Soldiers of albanian and bosnian origin who served in Ottoman Army on 18th and early 19th cantury , especially fighting against Greeks during the War of Independence 1821. These figures can be used  on dioramas with subjects of Greek Revolution 1821.

Albanian Shooter, XVIII century , code  5292

In the figure you can see that the head of the shooter is shaved. This  is historically correct , because  Albanians shaved their heads as the Turks did, the only difference being that, at the back, they keep a long tuff of hair that they never cut.

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Bosnian Militiaman, XVII century   , code  5290

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Albanian Officer 18th century   code 5291

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Three  more ALEXANDER THE GREAT  figures  by SaintGeorge cross

a) Offering ssacrifice to the Gods, b) Alexander as Amon Ra in Egypt, c) Alexander in Babylon

Alexander The Great, Macedon,  King , Μεγας  Αλεξανδρος, Μακεδων, Μακεδονια
Alexander The Great, Macedon,  King , Μεγας  Αλεξανδρος, Μακεδων, Μακεδ
Alexander The Great, Macedon,  King , Μεγας  Αλεξανδρος, Μακεδων, Μακεδ
Alexander The Great, Macedon,  King , Μεγας  Αλεξανδρος, Μακεδων, Μακεδ
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" THE GREEK SENTINEL "  , inspired by a painting of the  Serb (austrian)  painter Paja Jovanović  (Paul  Joanovitch).

The miniature weights 367 grammars

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GREEK WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1821 " Refilling  the  gun  "

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And in large base  with a cannon

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Greek Macedonian Sarissoforos  - Alexander the Great Army    by St GeorgeCross   code 5068

Greek, Macedonian, Sarissoforos, Alexander the great ,army
Greek, Macedonian, Sarissoforos, Alexander the great ,army
Greek, Macedonian, Sarissoforos, Alexander the great ,army
Greek, Macedonian, Sarissoforos, Alexander the great ,army

GREEK EVZONE Corporal - Greco - Turkish War 1897 

Greek Evzone, Greco- Turkish war, 1897
Greek Evzone, Greco- Turkish war, 1897
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Greek Evzone, Greco- Turkish war, 1897
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The blue doulamas became part of the Evzone;s uniform in 1888. The cuff was knocked on the chest with two non-parallel rows of 14 round spherical golden metal buttons. At the top, horizontally with the chest, there were 12 buttons. The collar of the Infantry Evzone was red with black band . The blue doulamas  replaced the Evzone's  capes. In the picture Greek Evzones with blue doulama dance befora a battle in Peta area during the 1897 war.

BYZANTINE EMPERORS 

Constantine The Great (Art Girona) - Justinian The Great (Art Girona) - Basil II , The Bulgar slayer (Greek Heroes)

Alexios Komnenos (Greek Heroes) - Manuel Palaiologos ( St George Cross) - Constantine Palaiologos (GreeK Heroes)

Byzantine Emperors

A WWII Greek Army vignette  by Kostas  LAIOS

Greek. soldier, 1940, WWII, army , ελληνας , στρατιωτης, ελληνικος στρατος , 1940
Greek. soldier, 1940, WWII, army , ελληνας , στρατιωτης, ελληνικος στρατος , 1940

GREEK ARMY  WWII

Some conversions of Greek soldiers WWII

Greek. soldier, 1940, WWII, army , ελληνας , στρατιωτης, ελληνικος στρατος , 1940
Greek. soldier, 1940, WWII, army , ελληνας , στρατιωτης, ελληνικος στρατος , 1940
Greek. soldier, 1940, WWII, army , ελληνας στρατιωτης , ελληνικος στρατος
ελληνας στρατιωτης , ελληνικος στρατος

Evzone , Sargeant ,Greek Light Infantry, 1940                                    Greek  soldiers   November 1940  marching to the front

More ALEXANDER'S ARMY SOLDIERS  by St George Cross

In 54mm in stock

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BALKAN ARMIES DURING BALKAN WARS and WWI ( Greece - Turkey - Romania - Bulgaria - Serbia -  clockwise )

Figures from "Warrior" company in 54mm .

Greek soldier, army, Evzone, WWI ευζωνας, ελληνας στρατιωτης
Turkish Army , soldier, 1915

GreeK Evzones , Balkan Wars 1912 - WWI 1916                         Turkish Artillery Captain with LP08 (Artillery Luger  1917  - Turkish soldier WWI

Serbian army. serbian general, soldier, 1912, balkan wars,
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Serbian Army 1912 , Lieutenant general and serbian soldier         Romanian infantry, first Lieutenant and infantry corporal WWI  1917

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Bulgarian army  - First lieutenant of elite infantry regiment "Ferdinand " - Balakn Wars 1913

GREEK BATTALION OF BALAKLAVA  1797  -  Russia .

A nice figure in 54mm  of an out of stream subject  by " Tin Parade" company  . 

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The Greek Battalion of Balaklava was a military unit of the Imperial Russian Army which participated in the Russo-Turkish wars of 1768–1774, 1787–1792 and 1806–1812. It was consisting of Greek expatriates who were living in the Balaklava area.

Initially the battalion was named "Greek Infantry Regiment" and in 1797 was renamed to "Greek Balaklava Battalion". Its Greek soldiers were from the Peloponnese, the Aegean islands, the Ionian Islands and the Venetian dominions in Albania. They were experienced in guerrilla warfare and contributed significantly to the Russian annexation of Crimea and the expulsion of the Ottomans from the area.

The base of the Greek Infantry Regiment was Balaklava after the imperial decree of February 18, 1784. The soldiers settled in Balaklava with their families, a total number of about 500 adults in 1778, increased to about 1,700 in 1802.

 According to the April 4, 1797 imperial decree the battalion was composed of three companies, each having 100 soldiers. Including officers and other staff its total force amounted to 396 people. The soldiers were issued red and green uniforms and weaponry of the same type. The battalion was disbanded in 1859.

 

 

BYZANTINE  SOLDIER 1204  A.D.

Byzantine soldier, byzantine army, βυζαντινοσ στρατιωτης, βυζαντινος στρατος,
Byzantine soldier, byzantine army, βυζαντινοσ στρατιωτης, βυζαντινος στρατος,
Byzantine soldier, byzantine army, βυζαντινοσ στρατιωτης, βυζαντινος στρατος,
Byzantine soldier, byzantine army, βυζαντινοσ στρατιωτης, βυζαντινος στρατος,

Greek Sacred Band , SAS  and the "taxi drivers" LRDG  (Long Range Desert Group) -  CYRENAICA , North Africa  1943

A  nice Diorama by Nikos MARKOU

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Alexander the great , army,
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ALEXANDER THE GREAT ARMY is here.    Sarissofors, Hypaspists, Pezetairoi, Foot Companions , Argyraspists all are here ...  A new series of Greek Macedonians from Saint George company . More pictures of figures very soon ...

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GREEK OFFICER - BATTLE OF  HILL 731 -  MARCH 1941   ( code 5940 )

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The Battle of Hill (Height) 731), was a fierce battle fought during World War II in southern Albania, part of the Greco-Italian War. It began in the early morning of 9 March 1941, when Fascist Italy launched an assault (Operation Primavera) against Greece, aimed at capturing the critical mountain pass leading into the Kalpaki valley. Hill 731, strategically located 20 km north of Klisura (Këlcyrë) at the feet of Mount Trebeshinë, stood at the heart of the Greek defensive line. Despite being repeatedly and heavily attacked by superior Italian forces for over two weeks, Hill 731 was not captured, contributing to the failure of the Primavera offensive and the repulsion of Italians.

The sleeve is simple, with a series of 5 metal buttons. The sleeve has 4 outer pockets covered in parallel caps, which were small smooth metal buttons.
The pants are short in the shape of a riding panty, made of khaki woolen cloth.
He wears woolen stripes, khaki color and simple soldier's shoes. The helmet is Greek made in 1938.
It has accessories made of brown leather. The belt is an English-style Sam Braun, a gun holster and a briefcase for papers and maps.
The spindle is Belgian, Nagat M 1898.

 

EVZONE BALKAN WAR II - Battle of Kilkis 1913  (code 5935)

Evzone, Balkan wars, Greek army, Ευζωνας, στρατος, 1912 ,1913
Evzone, Balkan wars, Greek army, Ευζωνας, στρατος, 1912 ,1913
Evzone, Balkan wars, Greek army, Ευζωνας, στρατος, 1912 ,1913
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Greek soldier, 1940, WWII,
Ευζωνας, 1921, Μικρα Ασια, Evzone , machine gun, Greek Army,
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Greek army, 1940, Lieuteneant, αλβανια,

Greek Soldier  1940 (code 5940,2 )                  Evzone  with machine gun  1921 (code 5935,2)                           Greek Lieutenant  1940 WWII (code 5941)

GREEK LIEUTENANT 1940  - WWII  code 5941

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The sleeve is simple, with a series of 5 metal buttons. The sleeve has 4 outer pockets covered in parallel caps, which were small smooth metal buttons.
The pants are short in the shape of a riding panty, made of khaki woolen cloth.
He wears woolen stripes, khaki color and simple soldier's shoes. It has accessories made of brown leather.

The belt is an English-style Sam Braun, a gun holster and a briefcase for papers and maps.
The spindle is Belgian, Nagat M 1898.

 

GREEK SOLDIER  1940 WWII   code  5940,2

Greek soldier, 1940, WWII, Ελληνας  στρατιωτης, Οχι , Αλβανια,
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Greek soldier, 1940, WWII, Ελληνας  στρατιωτης, Οχι , Αλβανια
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EVZONE with machine gun - Battle of Dorylaion ( Eski Sehir ) 8-7-1921 ( code 5935,2)

Ευζωνας, 1921, Μικρα Ασια, Evzone , machine gun, Greek Army,
Ευζωνας, 1921, Μικρα Ασια, Evzone , machine gun, Greek Army,
Ευζωνας, 1921, Μικρα Ασια, Evzone , machine gun, Greek Army,
Ευζωνας, 1921, Μικρα Ασια, Evzone , machine gun, Greek Army,

Evzone  carries a French supplied “ Chauchat “ LMG  and is armed for self-defence with a holstered Steyr M1905 semi-automatic pistol.

The traditional Evzone uniform consists of khaki farion ( though the black tassel was usually removed in the field) and  doulama coat over  a fustanella kilt and long gartered woolen stockings. His rank of sergeant  is indicated by the yellow stripes on red packing on his coat sleeves.

His pigskin  Tsarouchia (mountain shoes ) with black pompons were sturdy and confortable.

 

GREEK LIGHT INFANTRY 1838 - Private

Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας
Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας
Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας
Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας

GREEK LIGHT INFANTRY 1838 , Private, Battalion from Roumeli                             GREEK LIGHT INFANTRY 1838, Private, Battalion from Mani

Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας
Evzone, Greek, light, Infantry, 1838, Greek army, Ευζωνας
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The uniforms of privates in the Light Infantry Battalions were almost the same. Those from Roumeli (Sterea Ellas) differed from the troops from Mani (South Peloponese)  due to their blue waistcoats with a blue collar and silver buttons. Soldiers had shiny black leather  accoutrements. Their belt had a brass buckle, two small black leather cartridge belts  at the back and a leather sword sling on the left. Their arms consisted of a French or Russian made M1777 infantry rifle with bayonet  and a short German infantry M1810 sabre.  Figure are based on a watercolor of bavarian  Ludwing Kollnberger , who served in the Greek Army from 1832 till 1859.

General  KOSTAS BOTSARIS    (1792–1853)  King's Otto Army

Στρατηγός ΚΩΣΤΑΣ  ΜΠΟΤΣΑΡΗΣ

Kostas BOTSARIS, Greek army,Greekheroes,miniatures,Κωστας ΜΠΟΤΣΑΡΗΣ, μινιατουρες,Greekheroes
Kostas BOTSARIS, Greek army,Greekheroes,miniatures,Κωστας ΜΠΟΤΣΑΡΗΣ, μινιατουρες,Greekheroes
Kostas BOTSARIS, Greek army,Greekheroes,miniatures,Κωστας ΜΠΟΤΣΑΡΗΣ, μινιατουρες,Greekheroes

Kostas (Kitsos) Botsaris (Greek: Κώστας (Κίτσος) Μπότσαρης, Italian : Costa Bozzari, c. 1792–1853)also known as Constantine Botzaris, was a Greek general and senator and a Souliot captain and a hero of the War of Greek Independence. He fought at the Battle of Karpenisi and completed the victory of his brother, the renowned Markos Botsaris.

After the death of his brother Markos Botsaris, Kostas lived on to become a respected Greek general and parliamentarian  in the Greek Kingdom. Fifteen years after the death of his brother, the American traveller and author Mr. John Lloyd Stephens visited Kostas Botsaris, then a colonel in the service of King Otto of Greece in Missolonghi, and described him as:

" A man of about fifty years of age, of middle height and spare build, who, immediately after the formal introduction, expressed his gratitude as a Greek for the services rendered his country by America; and added, with sparkling eye and flushed cheek, that when the Greek revolutionary flag sailed into the port of Napoli di Romania, among hundreds of vessels of all nations, an American captain was the first to recognize and salute it." 
Botsaris continued to serve in the Greek kingdom until his death in Athens on 13 November 1853.

 

Major  IOANNIS VELISSARIOU              BALKAN WARS  1912 -1913  Greek  Army

Ταγματάρχης  Ιωάννης ΒΕΛΙΣΣΑΡΙΟΥ     ΒΑΛΚΑΝΙΚΟΙ ΠΟΛΕΜΟΙ   1912 - 1913

Βελισσαριου, Major Velissariou Balkan Wars 1912 , Greek Arrmy,Βελισσαριου
Major , Velissariou,Balkan Wars, 1912, miniature, Greekheroes, Βελισσαριου, Βαλκανικοί πόλεμοι, 1912, μινιατούρα, Greekheroes
Major , Velissariou,Balkan Wars, 1912, miniature, Greekheroes, Βελισσαριου, Βαλκανικοί πόλεμοι, 1912, μινιατούρα, Greekheroes
Major , Velissariou,Balkan Wars, 1912, miniature, Greekheroes, Βελισσαριου, Βαλκανικοί πόλεμοι, 1912, μινιατούρα, GreekheroesΠεριγραφή εικόνας

Ioannis Velissariou (Greek: Ιωάννης Βελισσαρίου, 26 November 1861 – 13 July 1913) was a Greek Army officer and hero of the Balkan Wars. He is considered to be one of the most important figures in the military history of modern Greece. He is considered to have had a decisive role in the Battle of Bizani during the First Balkan War (1912–1913), forcing the Ottoman Army to surrender unconditionally. Velissariou participated in the Second Balkan War against Greece's erstwhile ally Bulgaria, initially in the Battle of Lahanas and then in the Battle of Kresna Gorge. After the Greek Army managed to break through the Kresna pass, it captured the town of Simitli, while the battalion of Velissariou, together with other two of the 1st Evzone Regiment, fought at Summit 1378, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Simitlii. Although the specific sector suffered constant attacks by the Bulgarian Army, the Evzones managed to repel them. During the conflict of 13–15 July, the Regiment suffered numerous casualties; Major Velissariou was one of the officers killed. He was buried near the battle site.

Colonel Nikolaos PLASTIRAS  " The Black Rider "(  1883 – 1953 )  - commanded the  5/42  Evzone Regiment in Asia Minor (1919 – 1922 ) Prime Minister 1945, 1950, 1951-1952.

Νικολαος Πλαστηρας, Nikolaos Plastiras, Asia Minor Campaign, 1922, Evzone , Greek miniature, Μικρα Ασία ,
Νικολαος Πλαστηρας, Nikolaos Plastiras, Asia Minor Campaign, 1922, Evzone , Greek miniature, Μικρα Ασία ,
Νικολαος Πλαστηρας, Nikolaos Plastiras, Asia Minor Campaign, 1922, Evzone , Greek miniature, Μικρα Ασία ,

Nikolaos Plastiras ( 4 November 1883 – 26 July 1953) was a Greek general and politician, who served thrice as Prime Minister of Greece. A distinguished soldier and known for his personal bravery, he was known as "The Black Rider" during the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922. After the Greek defeat in the war, along with other Venizelists officers he staged a coup against King Constantine I of Greece and his government. The military-led government ruled until January 1924, when power was handed over to an elected National Assembly, which later declared the Second Hellenic Republic. In theinterwar period, Plastiras remained a devoted Venizelist and republican. Trying to avert the rise of the royalist People's Party  and the restoration of the monarchy, he led two coup attempts in 1933 and 1935, both of which failed, forcing him to exile in France.

During the Axis Occupation of Greece in theSecond World War he was the nominal leader of the EDES resistance group, although he remained in exile in Marseilles. After the occupation, he returned to Greece and served as a centrist Prime Minister three times, often in coalition with the Liberal Party. In his last two governments, he tried to heal the rift caused in Greek society by the Greek Civil War, but was unsuccessful.

 

PAVLOS MELAS 1904   Macedonian struggle

Pavlos Melas, Παυλος Μελας, Μακεδονια, Macedonia, Balkan Wars.
Pavlos Melas, Παυλος Μελας, Μακεδονια, Macedonia, Balkan Wars
Pavlos Melas, Παυλος Μελας, Μακεδονια, Macedonia, Balkan Wars
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Pavlos Melas (March 29, 1870 – October 13, 1904) was an officer of the Hellenic Army, and he was among the first who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.   He was born in Marseilles, France, the son of Michail Melas who was elected MP for Attica and mayor of Athens and brother of Vassileios Melas who was also an officer of the Hellenic Army. His father, a wealthy merchant, was of Epirote origin. At an early age Pavlos moved to Athens to study, and later joined the Army, graduating from the Hellenic Army Academy as an artillery lieutenant in 1891. In 1892, he married Natalia Dragoumi, the daughter of Kastorian politician Stephanos Dragoumis and sister of Ion Dragoumis. After the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie uprising, he decided to enter Macedonia in June 1904, to assess the situation and to see if there is any possibility of establishing a military unit to fight the Bulgarians (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, VMRO) and the Ottoman Turks. In July 1904 (under the alias Captain Mikis Zezas), he reentered Macedonia with a small unit of men and fought against the VMRO until October 13, 1904 when he was killed after being surrounded by Ottoman forces in the village of Statista. The village has been renamed Melas in his honour.

 

2nd Regiment Greek Light Infantry (1810-1812)  later    Greek Light Infantry ("The Duke of York's") (1812–16)

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The 1st Regiment Greek Light Infantry (1810–12) was a light infantry regiment, founded as a local establishment in British service consisting mostly of Greek and Albanian enlisted men and Greek and British officers that served during the Napoleonic Wars. Later it became a regular British Army regiment as the 2nd Greek Light Infantry ("The Duke of York's") (1812–16). It had no official association with the modern state of Greece or the Filiki Eteria or any Greek War of Independence groups; however, several future leaders of the War of Independence  as Kolokotronis, Plapoutas, Anagnostaras , fought in its ranks, as did a number of rank-and-file klephts and armatoloi.

Officers of 2nd Regiment wore a crested red dragoon-style helmet, as depicted in the drawing of Richard Church and of later drawings of Greek War of Independence (after 1821) leader Theodoros Kolokotronis who continued to wear the helmet. Officers are depicted as wearing taller, higher-heeled three-quarter shoes or short boots. Kolokotronis sported a brace of engraved pistols and an ornate cavalry-style cuirass, which are now on display at the National Historical Museum, Athens. Richard Church was depicted wearing a similar helmet-and-cuirass outfit plus metal greaves and knee protectors with gilt lion's heads along with a braided version of the uniform of the unit's sister regiment, in a painting now housed in the Royal Gallery.

 

Richard CHURCH  - Battle at Aghia Mavra (Lefkada island)  1810

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Sir Richard Church  (1784 – March 1873), was an Irish military officer in the British Army and commander of the Greek forces during the last stages of the Greek Revolution after 1827. After Greek independence, he became a general in the Greek army and a member of the Greek Senate. He was the son of a Quaker, Matthew Church of Cork. At the age of sixteen he ran away from home and enlisted in the British Army.

In the summer of 1809 he sailed with the expedition sent to occupy the Ionian Islands. Here he increased the reputation he had already gained by forming a Greek regiment in British pay. On the 9th of September 1809 he took the position of Major in the 1st Regiment Greek Light Infantry. He formed a second regiment composed of 454 Greeks 2nd Regiment Greek Light Infantry) to occupy Paxoi islands. These regiments included many of the men who were afterwards among the leaders of the Greeks in the War of Independence including Theodoros Kolokotronis with whom he kept a friendship and correspondence. Church commanded this regiment at the taking of the island of Santa Maura (Lefkada), on which occasion his left arm was shattered by a bullet.

In 1827 he took the honorable but unfortunate step of accepting the commandership-in-chief of the Greek army. On 3 October 1833 he was promoted to Lieutenant General in the Greek Army, and in January 1835 became commander of the forces in Continental Greece. In 1844–45 he was a senator. He was promoted to full general in 1854, and died at Athens on 1873.   The funeral monument is at the First Cemetery of Athens

 

BYZANTINE  EMPERORS

A unique series of miniatures  about the Byzantine Empire ( East Roman ) and the Emperors who ruled for more than thousand years.

 

Byzantine emperor, byzantine army, byzantine soldier,,palaiologos, komnenos, basil II, βυζαντινος στρατος, Παλαιολογος, Κομνηνος, Βασιλειος ΙΙ,
Byzantine emperor, byzantine army, byzantine soldier,,palaiologos, komnenos, basil II, βυζαντινος στρατος, Παλαιολογος, Κομνηνος, Βασιλειος ΙΙ,

CONSTANTINE  XI  PALAIOLOGOS   Last Byzantine (East Roman ) Emperor

Κωνσταντίνος ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΣ                     Τελευταίος Βυζαντινός Αυτοκράτωρας

PALAIOLOGOS, ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΣ , Βυζαντινος  στρατος, Byzantine army,
PALAIOLOGOS, ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΣ , Βυζαντινος  στρατος, Byzantine army,
PALAIOLOGOS, ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΣ , Βυζαντινος  στρατος, Byzantine army,

Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Following his death, he became a legendary figure in Greek folklore as the " Marble Emperor " who would awaken and recover the Empire and Constantinople from the Ottomans. His death marked the end of the Roman Empire, which had continued in the East for 977 years after the fall of the Western Roman Empire

Before the beginning of the siege, Mehmed II made an offer to Constantine XI. In exchange for the surrender of Constantinople, the emperor's life would be spared and he would continue to rule in Mistra; to which, as preserved by G. Sphrantzes, Constantine replied:

" To surrender the city to you is beyond my authority or anyone else's who lives in it, for all of us, after taking the mutual decision, shall die out of free will without sparing our lives ".

 

Παλαιολογος , palaiologos,  Byzantine emperor, byzantine army, Palaiologos, Byzantium, Greek heroes, Παλαιολογος,Βυζαντιο, Βυζαντινος Στρατος,
παλαιολογος, Palaiologos,Byzantine emperor, byzantine army, Palaiologos, Byzantium, Greek heroes, Παλαιολογος,Βυζαντιο, Βυζαντινος Στρατος,
Παλαιολογος, Byzantine emperor, byzantine army, Palaiologos, Byzantium, Greek heroes, Παλαιολογος,Βυζαντιο, Βυζαντινος Στρατός,

GREEK SOLDIER CHARGING  -  Greco-Italian War 1940

'Ελληνας  Στρατιώτης  1940Αέρα

Greekheroes, Greek army, soldier, miniature, 1940, Ελληνας στρατιωτης, επος αλβανιας.
Greekheroes, Greek army, soldier, miniature, 1940, Ελληνας στρατιωτης, επος αλβανιας.
Greekheroes, Greek army, soldier, miniature, 1940, Ελληνας στρατιωτης, επος αλβανιας.
Greekheroes, Greek army, soldier, miniature, 1940, Ελληνας στρατιωτης, επος αλβανιας.

The Greco-Italian War, also known as the Italo-Greek War, was a conflict between Italy and Greece, which lasted from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941. The conflict marked the beginning of the Balkans campaign of World War II and the initial Greek counteroffensive, the first successful land campaign against the Axis powers in the war.

Admiral PAVLOS KOUNTOURIOTIS (1855 - 1935)   GREEK NAVY - Balkan  Wars 1912-13

ΝΑΥΑΡΧΟΣ  ΠΑΥΛΟΣ ΚΟΥΝΤΟΥΡΙΩΤΗΣ   -  Βαλκανικοί  Πόλεμοι  1912 - 1913

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Greekheroes,admiral , PAVLOS KOUNTOURIOTIS, BALKAN WARS, 1912
Greekheroes,admiral , PAVLOS KOUNTOURIOTIS, BALKAN WARS, 1912

Pavlos Kountouriotis (Greek: Παύλος Κουντουριώτης, 9 April 1855 – 22 August 1935) was a Greek admiral and naval hero during the Balkan Wars, regent, and the first and third President of the Second Hellenic Republic  . In 1875, following his family's long naval tradition, he joined the Royal Hellenic Navy presumably at the rank of Ensign . During the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, serving as Lt.Commander he commanded the ship Alfeios. His ship took part in at least two landings of Greek troops on the island of Crete. In 1901, commanding the ship Miaoulis, he was sent to Boston . This was reported as the first transatlantic  trip of a Greek war vessel. Kountouriotis served as an aide-de-camp to King Geórgios I from 1908 until 1911, receiving the rank of Captain in 1909.

He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1912, on the outbreak of the First Balkan War. During the Balkan Wars, with his flagship, the Georgios Averof, he led the Greek Navy to major victories against theTurkish fleet in December 1912 (Battle of Elli) and in January 1913 (Battle of Limnos), liberating most of the Aegean islands. His victories, due in large part to his daring but successful tactics, earned him the status of a national hero. He was promoted to Vice Admiral for "exceptional war service", the first Greek career officer since Constantine Kanaris to reach the rank. In March 1924, after King Geórgios II of the Hellenes was deposed, he was elected as the first President of the Second Hellenic Republic, but resigned the post in March, 1926. Pávlos Kountouriotis died in 1935.

Greek soldier/1940/Greek heroes/ Ελληνας στρατιωτης 1940
Greek Soldier/1940/Ελληνας Στρατιωτης/1940/Greek heroes/miniature

GREEK SOLDIER  1940       -       " Marching to the Front "

Ελληνας Στρατιώτης  1940   -       " Βαδίζοντας προς το Μέτωπο"

Greek Soldier/1940/Ελληνας Στρατιωτης/1940/Greek heroes/miniature
Greek Soldier/1940/Ελληνας Στρατιωτης/1940/Greek heroes/miniature
Greek Soldier/1940/Ελληνας Στρατιωτης/1940/Greek heroes/miniature
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The soldier in the figure wears the Greek type M 1938 garrison cup.
The helmet is the British Brondie helmet MK 1 .  ( With the figure is offered a second helmet , the Greek  helmet M1938 )
He wears greatcoat and three twin bandoliers of brown leather, Webbing Haversack M1932  of the Greek Army  made from hemp, which was an enhanced version of the French Mle 1892 Musette. The colors were from beige to green khaki. During the 1940 War the soldier could carry up to two haversacks. The buttons both greatcoat and the sleeve were metal and painted khaki not to shine.
He  bears the Austrian Mannlicher - Schoenauer  M1903  infantry  rifle, caliber 6.5 mm.

BASIL II  BULGAROKTONUS

ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΟΣ Β' ΒΟΥΛΓΑΡΟΚΤΟΝΟΣ

Basil II,Bulgaroktonus,Byzantine Emperor, Byzantine Army, Greek Heroes,Βουλγαροκτόνος, Βυζαντινος στρατός. Αυτοκράτωρας,Βυζάντιο
Basil II,Bulgaroktonus,Byzantine Emperor, Byzantine Army, Greek Heroes,Βουλγαροκτόνος, Βυζαντινος στρατός. Αυτοκράτωρας,Βυζάντιοεριγραφή εικόνας
Basil II,Bulgaroktonus,Byzantine Emperor, Byzantine Army, Greek Heroes,Βουλγαροκτόνος, Βυζαντινος στρατός. Αυτοκράτωρας,Βυζάντιο

Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his supposed ancestor, Basil I the Macedonian.The early years of his long reign were dominated by civil war against powerful generals from the Anatolian aristocracy. Following their submission, Basil oversaw the stabilization and expansion of the eastern frontier of the Byzantine Empire, and above all, the final and complete subjugation of Bulgaria, the Empire's foremost European foe, after a prolonged struggle. For this he was nicknamed by later authors as "the Bulgar-slayer" (Greek: Βουλγαροκτόνος, Boulgaroktonos), by which he is popularly known. At his death, the Empire stretched from Southern Italy to the Caucasus and from the Danube to the borders of Palestine, its greatest territorial extent since the Muslim conquests four centuries earlier.

Despite near-constant warfare, Basil also showed himself a capable administrator, reducing the power of the great land-owning families who dominated the Empire's administration and military, while filling the Empire's treasury. Of far-reaching importance was Basil's decision to offer the hand of his sister Anna to Vladimir I of Kievin exchange for military support, which led to the Christianazation of the Kievan Rus' and the incorporation of later successor nations of Kievan Rus' within the Byzantine cultural and religious tradition.

EVZONE     CORPORAL   TRUMPETER  1922      BATTLE OF DUMLUPINAR   ASIA MINOR CAMPAIGN

ΕΥΖΩΝΑΣ  ΔΕΚΑΝΕΑΣ   ΣΑΛΠΙΓΚΤΗΣ  1922     ΜΑΧΗ  ΤΟΥΜΛΟΥ  ΜΠΟΥΝΑΡ  ΜΙΚΡΑΣΙΑΤΙΚΗ  ΕΚΣΤΡΑΤΕΙΑ

ΕΥΖΩΝΑΣ  ΔΕΚΑΝΕΑΣ   ΣΑΛΠΙΓΚΤΗΣ
ευζωνας, Μικρά Ασία, ελληνικός στρατός, Greek army, evzone
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ευζωνας, Μικρά Ασία, ελληνικός στρατός, Greek army, evzone
Ευζωνας, 5/42 Συνταγμα, Evzone, Trumpeter, Greek heroes, 1921, Μικρα Ασια
Ευζωνας, 5/42 Συνταγμα, Evzone, Trumpeter, Greek heroes, 1921, Μικρα Ασια
Ευζωνας, 5/42 Συνταγμα, Evzone, Trumpeter, Greek heroes, 1921, Μικρα Ασια

The bearded corporal Evzone trumpeter brings doulama M1915, change to the M1908 (first time from khaki fabric  with khaki Fario). The characteristic red color of the infantry appears in the insignia of grade on the sleeves and collar in the form of patches.
On doulama's left sleeve is mounted discrete series of 4 inverted chevrons, one for every 6 months military service in the front line. The folding of the left sleeve distinguished documents and orders. Instead Evzone socks he wears  trousers (panties) without cloth puttees and boots. He wears tsarouhia from pig skin without the characteristic black pompoms. Kits M1908 is Greek origin. Rifle is the Austrian Mannlicher Schonafer M1903 / 1914 rev 6.5 mm.

Ο γενειοφόρος δεκανέας ευζωνας  φέρει τον ντουλαμά Μ1915, τροποποίηση του αντίστοιχου  Μ1908 ( από χακί ύφασμα για πρώτη φορά με χακί φάριο). Το χαρακτηριστικό κόκκινο χρώμα του πεζικού εμφανίζεται στα διακριτικά του βαθμού στα μανίκια και στο περιλάιμιο με μορφή επιραμμάτων.
Στο αριστερό μανίκι του ντουλαμά  είναι στερεωμένη διακριτή σειρά 4 αντεστραμμένων  σεβρον, ένα  για κάθε εξάμηνο πολεμικής υπηρεσίας στο μέτωπο. 

Στην αναδίπλωση του αριστερού μανικιού διακρίνονται έγγραφα, διαταγές. Αντί για ευζωνικές κάλτσες φέρει πανταλόνι ( κυλότα) χωρίς γκαίτες και άρβυλα.

Φορά τσαρούχια , από δέρμα γουρουνιού χωρίς τις χαρακτηριστικές μαύρες φούντες. Οι εξαρτήσεις Μ1908 είναι ελληνικής προέλευσης. Το τυφέκιο είναι το αυστριακό Mannlicher Schonauer  Μ1903/1914 των 6,5 χιλιοστών.

 

Eleftherios  VENIZELOS    Prime Minister of Greece      1864  - 1936      

Ελευθεριος Βενιζέλος, Βαλκανικοι πολεμοι, Πρωθυπουργός, Eleftherios Venizelos, Balkan wars, Prime minister,Creta, Κρήτη, Asia MInor, Μικρά Ασία,
Ελευθεριος Βενιζέλος, Βαλκανικοι πολεμοι, Πρωθυπουργός, Eleftherios Venizelos, Balkan wars, Prime minister,Creta, Κρήτη,1912, Asia MInor, Μικρά Ασία,
Ελευθεριος Βενιζέλος, Βαλκανικοι πολεμοι , Πρωθυπουργός, Eleftherios Venizelos, Balkan wars, 1912, Prime minister,Creta, Κρήτη, Asia MInor, Μικρά Ασία,
Ελευθεριος Βενιζέλος, Βαλκανικοι πολεμοι , Πρωθυπουργός, Eleftherios Venizelos, Balkan wars, Prime minister,Creta, Κρήτη, Asia MInor, Μικρά Ασία,
Ελευθεριιος Βενιζελος, Πρωθυπουργός, Βαλκανικοι Πολεμοι, Eleftherios, Venizelos,191
Ελευθεριιος Βενιζελος, Πρωθυπουργός, Βαλκανικοι Πολεμοι, Eleftherios, Venizelos,1912,
Ελευθεριιος Βενιζελος, Πρωθυπουργός, Βαλκανικοι Πολεμοι, Eleftherios, Venizelos,1912,

Eleftherios  VENIZELOS    Prime Minister of Greece        1864  - 1936   A second choice ( with hat)

 

Greek Cavalry Division  Lance Corporal         Asia Minor Campaign 1921

Ελληνικό Ιππικό   Υποδεκανέας                       Μικρά Ασία    1921

 

greek cavalry ,1921, Asia Minor campaign, greek army, ελληνας στρατιωτης, ιππικό, Μικρά Ασία,
greek cavalry ,1921, Asia Minor campaign, greek army , ελληνας στρατιωτης, ιππικό, Μικρά Ασία,
greek cavalry. 1921, Asia Minor campaign, greek army, ελληνας στρατιωτης, ιππικό, Μικρά Ασία,
greek cavalry. 1921, Asia Minor campaign, greek army, ελληνας στρατιωτης, ιππικό, Μικρά Ασία,

This soldier from the Cavalry Division wears the french Adrian M1915 steel helmet . The cavalry's dark green branch colour is shown on the tunic collar tabs and this was one of the branches of service distinguished by a white cap-badge crown and rank insignia. On his right upper sleeve a single black inverted chevron shows  that he has been wounded once. On his left upper sleeve a white chevron means that he has completed a full six months' front line service. His woolen breeches are worn with riding boots. On his leather belt he has the ammunition pouches with central button down flap straps that were particular to mounted troops. He is armed with a Mannlicher Schonauer M1903/14  carbine and a cavalry sabre Μ1887.

 

Emperor  ALEXIOS KOMNENOS           Battle  of  Dyrrhachium 1081

  ΑΛΕΞΙΟΣ ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ                            Μάχη στο Δυρράχιο 1081

 

Alexios KOMNENOS, byzantine army, byzantine  emperor, Komnenian dynasty, Βυζαντινος στρατος, βυζαντινος αυτοκρατωρας , Αλεξιος,ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ,
Alexios KOMNENOS, byzantine army,byzantine r, emperor, Komnenian dynasty, Βυζαντινος στρατος, βυζαντινος αυτοκρατωρας, Αλεξιος,ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ,
Alexios KOMNENOS, byzantine army,byzantine r, emperor, Komnenian dynasty, Βυζαντινος στρατος, βυζαντινος αυτοκρατωρας, Αλεξιος,ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ,
Alexios KOMNENOS, byzantine army,byzantine r, emperor, Komnenian dynasty, Βυζαντινος στρατος, βυζαντινος αυτοκρατωρας, Αλεξιος,ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ,

In the miniature Emperor Alexios Komninos  wears cataphract or clibanarius outfit, with metal plates covering most of the body. Modular plates in the arms and the legs and chained  armor the chest. Over klivanio bearing  "epilorikio" to prevent overheating of the metal plates by sunlight. In the waist he has  a mace  = vardoukion (kefalothrafstis), double-edged sword and a shield tear drop  or Kite style. On the shield  the figure of the Archangel Michael  is  represented as an angelic warrior, fully armed with sword and shield . The imperial mantle of Alexios Komnenos is red with the non-crowned double headed eagle, emblem of the Komnenos dynasty. Later (1203) the Grand - Komninoi will adopt  single-headed eagle as  coat of arms.

Στη μινιατούρα ο αυτοκράτορας Αλέξιος Κομνηνός  φέρει στολή κατάφρακτου  ή  κλιβανάριου,  με μεταλλικές πλάκες που κάλυπταν το μεγαλύτερο μέρος του σώματος. Αρθρωτές θωρακίσεις στους βραχίονες και τις κνήμες και αλυσιδωτό θώρακα. Πάνω από το κλιβάνιο φέρει εφαπλωματοποιημένο  « επιλωρίκιο»  για να αποτρέπει την υπερθέρμανση των μεταλλικών πλακών από την ηλιακή ακτινοβολία. Στη μέση φέρει βαρδούκιον (κεφαλοθραύστης), σπάθα αμφίστομη και ασπίδα σχήματος «δάκρυ» (tear drop) ή Kite. Πάνω στην ασπίδα είναι ζωγραφισμένη η μορφή του Αρχάγγελου Μιχαήλ που φέρει ρομφαία.  Η αυτοκρατορική χλαμύδα είναι ερυθρού χρώματος  με το μη εστεμμένο Δικέφαλο Αετό, έμβλημα της δυναστείας των Κομνηνών. Αργότερα (1203) οι Μεγαλο - Κομνηνοί θα υιοθετήσουν ως οικόσημο τον Μονοκέφαλο Αετό.


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GREEK EVZONES  BALKAN WARS 1912 - 1913

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GREEK ORTHODOX CLERGY

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GREEK EVZONES  BALKAN WARS 1912 - 1913   with Red Farion

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GREEK ARMY   ASIA MINOR  CAMPAIGN  1919 - 1922

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Diorama " Fighting for Freedom - Greek War of Independence 1821 "

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Amother  stunning work by Mr Roger Newsome

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AGHIA LAVRA ,  March  25th ,  1821 - Bishop Germanos of Patras blessing the flag  at Aghia Lavra monastery, launching the Greek War of Independence.

A very nice work by a very good friend of Greek History and not only. Setting and painting by  Mr. Roger  Newsome

 

Theodoros KOLOOKOTRONIS   - Georgios  KARAISKAKIS  ,  " Meeting of the two generals "  Greek War of Independence  1821

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PLASTIRAS and a soldier of 5/42 Regiment of Evzones -  Asia  Minor 1922.

An amazing diorama by Mr Roger Newsome

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Lord  George  Gordon  BYRON     1788  -1824

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A Few Words on the Miniature: It's inspired by the familiar table, which conceals a little story. He portrays Byron  wearing a red and gold velvet jacket and a gold red, blue green striped shawl around his head like a turban, a white shirt with a large black diamond on a neck in his neck, and in his hands holds a knot with a handle Purple color. When Lord Byron visited  Ioannina in 1809 he bought the famous Souliot costume, with which he posed in 1813 for the well-known ¾ portrait created by the painter Thomas Phillips. The original painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy of London and is currently at the British Embassy in Athens. Phillips in 1835 and 1840 painted two copies of the painting. The first copy was donated in 1862 by the painter's son at the National Portrait Gallery in London, where he is still present.

The second copy, commissioned by Byron's publisher, John Murray, is at the publishing house on Albemarle Street in London.

What happened to the Suliot costume? Byron kept correspondence with Margaret Mercer Elphinstone, the daughter of Lord Keith, and in 1814 she donated to her the costume with the urge to wear it like fancy clothes. Over the years, the costume passed into the possession of the Lansdowne family and was discovered in 1962 by a scientist , Doris Langley Moore, who studied the life of Byron and went to Lansdowne's home in Bowood, Wiltshire, to collect objects for the creation of a Costume Museum in Bath. Today, Byron's costume is in Bowood.

 

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 "Sword and Lance 2017"    Darlington Military Modelling Society   ( painted figures and photos by Roger Newsome)

Some fantastic dioramas created by our good friends Roger Scott and Geoff Barnes from distant  but  beautiful Australia

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Gallipoli 1917 - Suvla bay

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Περιγραφή εικόνας

Some photos of a diorama that Roger Scott and Geoff Barnes made  for the Australian National Maritime Museum as part of their "Escape from Pompeii" exhibition which opened in March 2017.    It shows the Roman naval port of Misenum from where Pliny the Elder, admiral of the Mediterranean fleet, planned a rescue mission using his triremes to doomed Pompeii and Herculaneum.  Have a look at this website. it has a good article about building the misenum diorama.

 http://www.insidehistory.com.au/2017/05/escape-from-pompeii-brought-to-life-in-a-diorama/